Air-sea interaction processes observed from buoy and propagation measurements during the red experiment
Frederickson, Paul A.
Davidson, Kenneth L.
Anderson, Kenneth D.
Doss-Hammel, Stephen M.
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In recent years researchers have spent much effort towards gaining an understanding of the complex physical mechanisms through which the atmosphere and ocean interact with each other. This is due to the fact that knowledge of air-sea exchanges is important for a wide range of applications, such as the diverse topics of global climate modeling and near-horizon electromagnetic (EM) wave propagation assessment and prediction. EM propagation through the atmosphere is highly dependent upon the vertical profiles of air temperature and humidity and the horizontal variations in these profiles. It is well known that under most conditions these near-surface scalar profiles depend upon the turbulent air-sea fluxes. Traditional Monin-Obukhov similarity (MOS) theory has been used to successfully predict near-surface profiles over the ocean for most, but not all, stability conditions. It is also becoming increasingly clear that ocean waves influence near-surface profiles, although an understanding of the exact mechanisms through which this occurs and parameterizations to describe these processes so far have remained elusive (e.g. Hare et al. 1997; Hirstov et al. 1998).
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