Measurements and modeling of optical turbulence in a maritime environment
Frederickson, Paul A.
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Turbulence can be a dominant factor in image and laser beam degradation for optical systems operating in the near-surface maritime environment. A long-term propagation field experiment was conducted at Zuniga Shoal (near San Diego) to study the impact of environmental conditions on low-altitude laser propagation above the ocean surface. Test periods of one month duration were conducted at various points of the year, during which scintillometer measurements were obtained along a 7.2 km over-water path and a ‘flux’ research buoy deployed along the propagation path collected concurrent mean meteorological, atmospheric turbulence, and wave data.