Deterring spoilers peace enforcement operations and political settlements to conflict
Manseau, Nicole C.
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In this thesis, I demonstrate that the ability of a peace enforcement operation to deter spoilers determines the progress of a political settlement to a conflict. Using the method of difference, I examine how two case studies with similar security environments obtained divergent results in political settlements to their respective conflicts. In Somalia, Operation Restore Hope provided a strong peace enforcement operation, but ultimately failed to deter spoilers to United Nations negotiations for a political settlement to the conflict. In the Democratic Republic of Congo, Operation Artemis succeeded in deterring spoilers to the implementation of a political settlement to that country's civil war. Peace enforcement operations like Artemis, which offer highly credible military capabilities in direct support of the political negotiating process, prove to be effective in deterring spoilers and thus ensuring forward momentum for a political settlement to the conflict.
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