Equilibrium transport in double-diiffusive convection
Smith, D. Paul Smith
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A theoretical model for the equilibrium double-diffusive transport is presented which emphasizes the role of secondary instabilities of salt fingers in saturation of their linear growth. Theory assumes that the fully developed equilibrium state is characterized by the comparable growth rates of primary and secondary instabilities. This assumption makes it possible to formulate an efficient algorithm for computing diffusivities of heat and salt as a function of the background property gradients and molecular parameters. The model predicts that the double-diffusive transport of heat and salt rapidly intensifies with decreasing density ratio. Fluxes are less sensitive to molecular characteristics, mildly increasing with Prandtl number .Pr/ and decreasing with diffusivity ratio . /. Theory is successfully tested by a series of direct numerical simulations which span a wide range of Pr and .
The article of record as published may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2011.343
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