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dc.contributor.advisorMoghaddam, Fathali
dc.contributor.authorCalcaño, Niurka Y.
dc.dateJun-14
dc.date.accessioned2014-08-13T20:17:29Z
dc.date.available2014-08-13T20:17:29Z
dc.date.issued2014-06
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10945/42590
dc.description.abstractRates of illegal immigration recidivism by previously convicted and removed noncitizens—criminal immigration recidivists—are disconcerting. Enforcement strategies such as prosecution and removals do not appear to prevent and deter this population’s reoffending behavior as much as expected. Meanwhile, resources are continually strained—at the taxpayers’ expense—due to re-enforcement of immigration, criminal, and other laws. As a result, this thesis argues in favor of introducing civil restitution (CR) as an enforcement strategy against criminal immigration recidivism. In support of this argument, the author employed a hybrid experimental and causal design methodology to research the history of restitution as an alternative sanction in the criminal justice system. The feasibility of developing a strategy against criminal immigration recidivism modeled after restitution’s theoretical underpinnings was explored and tested. The CR strategy borrows from restitution’s focus on holding offenders accountable for the financial losses their offenses have caused to their victims, and, as per the research findings, its potential to lower recidivism rates, thereby reducing the costs of re-enforcing or reinitiating the removal process at the Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) expense. The thesis concludes by recommending the implementation of a CR policy model strategy. The strategy will become part of the DHS Mission 3’s prevention of unlawful immigration goals and objectives.en_US
dc.description.urihttp://archive.org/details/civilrestitution1094542590
dc.publisherMonterey, California: Naval Postgraduate Schoolen_US
dc.rightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.en_US
dc.titleCivil restitution as an objective of Department of Homeland Security Mission 3en_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.secondreaderO’Keeffe, David
dc.contributor.departmentNational Security Affairs
dc.subject.authorIllegal Re-Entryen_US
dc.subject.authorCriminal Non-Citizensen_US
dc.subject.authorCivil Restitutionen_US
dc.subject.authorCriminal Immigration Recidivismen_US
dc.subject.authorImmigration Enforcementen_US
dc.subject.authorDHS Mission 3en_US
dc.description.serviceDetention and Deportation Officer, U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Immigration & Customs Enforcement, Enforcement & Removal Operations, Washington, DCen_US
etd.thesisdegree.nameMaster of Arts in Security Studies (Homeland Security and Defense)en_US
etd.thesisdegree.levelMastersen_US
etd.thesisdegree.disciplineSecurity Studies (Homeland Security and Defense)en_US
etd.thesisdegree.grantorNaval Postgraduate Schoolen_US
dc.description.distributionstatementApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.


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