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dc.contributor.advisorFreeman, Michael
dc.contributor.authorMuhwezi, Andrew M.
dc.dateJune 2014
dc.date.accessioned2014-08-13T20:17:53Z
dc.date.available2014-08-13T20:17:53Z
dc.date.issued2014-06
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10945/42693
dc.description.abstractThis thesis analyzes recent trends of transnational terrorism in East Africa. It assesses the background of domestic and international terrorist attacks in the region from 1998 to 2012. The study then quantitatively analyzes regional trends, using data drawn from the Global Terrorism Database (GTD) showing dramatic increases in levels of terrorist violence from terrorist organizations like Al-Shabaab. Based on Al-Shabaab’s propaganda, conventional wisdom suggests that the recent increase in transnational terrorism in East Africa is attributable to Al-Shabaab’s retaliation for countries’ troop contributions to the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM). In contrast, the analysis presented here is based on the hypothesis that a causal relationship exists between large flows of Somali refugees and increases in terrorist violence. Evidence shows that Al Shabaab operatives disguise themselves as refugees to cross borders and evade detection. Refugee populations are used as sources of recruitment and as safe havens for planning and executing terrorist attacks, particularly in Kenya. Recommendations include: (1) intensification of information operations and human intelligence efforts, (2) strengthening of the Joint Counter Terrorism Center by establishing strategies for deterrence and disruption of transnational terror networks, and (3) coordination of regional actions for countering terrorist threats attributed to Somali refugee communities.en_US
dc.description.urihttp://archive.org/details/transnationalter1094542693
dc.publisherMonterey, California: Naval Postgraduate Schoolen_US
dc.rightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.en_US
dc.titleTransnational terrorism in East Africa: a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the recent rise in Kenyan violenceen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.secondreaderWarren, Camber
dc.contributor.departmentDefense Analysis (DA)
dc.subject.authorTransnational terrorismen_US
dc.subject.authorSomali refugee campsen_US
dc.subject.authorterrorist attacksen_US
dc.subject.authorterrorist violenceen_US
dc.subject.authorinternational terrorist attacksen_US
dc.subject.authorSomali-Kenyan communitiesen_US
dc.subject.authorterrorist safe havensen_US
dc.subject.authorempirical evidenceen_US
dc.subject.authorGlobal Terrorism Database.en_US
dc.description.serviceMajor, Uganda People’s Defence Forcesen_US
etd.thesisdegree.nameMaster of Science in Defense Analysisen_US
etd.thesisdegree.levelMastersen_US
etd.thesisdegree.disciplineDefense Analysisen_US
etd.thesisdegree.grantorNaval Postgraduate Schoolen_US
dc.description.distributionstatementApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.


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