Preventing drug abuse in the Navy: an analysis of effectiveness and efficiency
Peterson, Dana Mark
Gates, William R.
Kalmar, Louis G.
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Over the past decade, DoD surveys have shown a significant decrease in drug abuse within the Navy. This research considers the important elements of this reduction and conducts a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the Navy's drug abuse prevention programs. The primary question asks, What is the most effective and efficient method to prevent drug abuse in the Navy?'. The analysis reveals that drug testing and a strict 'zero tolerance' policy have been key ingredients to the success of the Navy's drug abuse reductions. Personal Responsibility Values Education and Training (PREVENT) is the Navy's only formal (Level I) drug abuse prevention program. Using direct observational techniques, the author provides personal insights into the PREVENT program. PREVENT's cognitive/lifestyle prevention approach is the most effective model for preventing drug abuse. PREVENT is also effective at reducing other high-risk, addictive behaviors in junior enlisted personnel. Recommended efficiencies include consolidating the resource sponsor, major claimant, and program manager functions for drug abuse prevention training. Manpower effectiveness and efficiency recommendations are discussed, including establishing a career path for training specialists to coordinate and direct the Navy Alcohol and other Drug Abuse Program (NADAP) at the command level.
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