A comparative study of commercial and Department of Defense strategies for developing software applications
Clancy, Gregory A.
Emery, James C.
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A focus on information system application development is on the rise as users become more familiar with the computing environment and the business advantages it gives the organization. Enormous software development backlogs and increasing demand for application software is forcing information system managers to look at new and innovative ways to develop and maintain software. High-level languages and tools are being introduced into organizational information system development environments. Software languages and tools that are being used to build systems quickly and effectively by leading-edge organizations are fourth-generation languages, computer-aided software engineering tools, and object-oriented technologies. Results of a survey of 23 information system executives that accompany this thesis provide evidence that organizations are moving rapidly toward these languages and tools, and continue to shift their emphasis away from older conventional development methodologies and line-by-line coding of procedural programming languages. The Department of Defense should revise its own policies and practices where appropriate to conform to the clear trends emerging in leading private-sector organizations.
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