Dynamic price competition with discrete customer choices
Lin, Kyle Y.
Sibdari, Soheil Y.
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For many years, dynamic pricing has proven to be an effective tool to increase revenue in the airline and other service industries. Most studies, however, focused on monopolistic models and ignored the fact that nowadays consumers can easily compare prices on the Internet. In this paper, we develop a game-theoretic model to describe real-time dynamic price competition between firms that sell substitutable products. By assuming the real-time inventory levels of all firms are public information, we show the existence of Nash equilibrium. We then discuss how a firm can adapt if it knows only the initial – but not the real-time – inventory levels of its competitors. We compare a firm’s expected revenue under different information structures through numerical experiments.