Changes in the hydrography of Central California waters associated with the 1997-98 El Niño
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Oceanographic conditions off Central California were monitored by means of a series of 13 hydrographic cruises between February 1997 and January 1999, which measured water properties along an oceanographic section perpendicular to the California Coast. The 1997–98 El Niño event was defined by higher than normal sea levels at Monterey, which began in June 1997, peaked in November 1997, and returned to normal in March 1998. The warming took place in two distinct periods. During June and July 1997, the sea level increased as a result of stronger than normal coastal warming below 200 dbars and within 100 km of the coast, which was associated with poleward flow of saltier waters. During this period, deeper (400–1000 dbar) waters between 150–200 km from shore were also warmed and became more saline. Subsequently, sea level continued to rise through January 1998, mostly as a result of the warming above 200 dbars although, after a brief period of cooling in September 1997, waters below 200 dbar were also warmer than normal during this period. This winter warm anomaly was also coastally trapped, extending 200 km from shore and was accompanied by cooler and fresher water in the offshore California current. In March and April 1998, sea level dropped quickly to normal levels and inshore waters were fresher and warmer than the previous spring and flowed southward. The warming was consistent with equatorial forcing of Central California waters via propagation of Kelvin or coastally- trapped waves. The observed change in heat content associated with the 1997–98 El Niño was the same as that observed during the previous seasonal cycle. The warming and freshening events were similar to events observed during the 1957–58 and 1982–83 El Niños.
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Asanuma, Hiromi (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 1999-06-01); NPS-OC-99-01During 1997-1998, oceanographic conditions off Central California were monitored by means of a series of thirteen cruises which measured water properties along an oceanographic section perpendicular to the California Coast. ...
Nutrient variability during El Niño 1997-98 in the California current system off central California Castro, C.G.; Collins, C.A.; Walz, P.; Pennington, J.T.; Michisaki, R.P.; Friederich, G.; Chavez, F.P. (2002);Nutrient conditions off central California during the 1997–98 El Nin˜o are described. Data were collected on 11 cruises from March 1997 to January 1999 along a hydrographic section off central California, as well as every ...
Chavez, F.P.; Pennington, J.T.; Castro, C.G.; Ryan, J.P.; Michisaki, R.P.; Schlining, B.; Walz, P.; Buck, K.R.; McFadyen, A.; Collins, C.A. (2002);The physical, chemical and biological perturbations in central California waters associated with the strong 1997–1998 El Niño are described and explained on the basis of time series collected from ships, moorings, tide ...