Panamanian politics: the legacy of Torrijismo and prospects for demilitarization
Olarte, Glenn Jornada
Bruneau, Thomas C.
Tollefson, Scott D.
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This thesis examines Torrijismo's legacy and impact on the Public Force's professionalization and institutionalization in an attempt to ascertain prospects for the successful demilitarization of Panamanian politics. As a result of the 1989 U.S. invasion of Panama, 21 years of military dominance in Panama ended.