Near field imaging of gallium nitride nanowires for characterization of minority carrier diffusion
Baird, Lee G.
Haegel, Nancy M.
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A novel system has been developed for the imaging of carrier transport within semiconductor nanostructures by operating a near field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM) within a scanning electron microscope. Luminescence associated with carrier recombination is collected with high spatial resolution to monitor the motion and recombination of charge generated by use of an electron beam as an independent point source. Light is collected in the near field from a scanning fiber using tuning fork feedback in an open architecture combined AFM/NSOM system allowing for independent motion of sample and tip. From a single image, it is possible to obtain a direct measure of minority carrier diffusion length. This technique has been used in the near-field collection mode to image the diffusion of holes in n-type GaN-AlGaN coreshell nanowires, unintentionally doped GaN nanowires and p-type GaN nanowires grown via Ni-catalyzed MOCVD. Measurements were made on tapered anowires ranging in diameter from 500 to 800 nm, with lengths up to ~ 30 ?m. The average 1-dimensional carrier diffusion length was measured to be 1.3 +/- 0.2 ?m for GaN/AlGaN core-shell, 0.96 +/- 0.25 ?m for the uncoated GaN wires, and 0.65 +/- 0.35 ?m for the p-tpye uncoated GaN anowires in the low injection limit.
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