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dc.contributor.advisorGingeras, Ryan
dc.contributor.authorMcCaskey, Kevin K.
dc.dateSep-14
dc.date.accessioned2014-12-05T20:10:34Z
dc.date.available2014-12-05T20:10:34Z
dc.date.issued2014-09
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10945/43954
dc.descriptionApproved for public release; distribution is unlimiteden_US
dc.description.abstractDemocratic civilian control of the armed forces is an essential component to a free and open democracy. The states of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) rely on civilian control to encourage democratization efforts worldwide. This dissertation assesses how the politicians ofTurkey’s Justice and Development Party (AKP) managed to establish civilian control of the Turkish Armed Forces (TSK) after decades of military tutelage. Through a combination of constitutional, judicial, and military reforms, by 2011 the AKP had established control over the military. How did the AKP succeed where other political parties had failed? Using the theory of electoral competition, this dissertation demonstrates the link between elections and policy making, and how together these forces challenge military supremacy in democracies. Policies or budget decisions that infringe on military prerogatives lead to conflict with the military for control.Turkey represents a unique case study in civil-military relations that straddles research areas such as transition literature, coup prevention, democratic consolidation, and civilian control of the armed forces. Understanding how the Turkish politicians were able to consolidate the armed forces in the face of long established military prerogatives can help explain how other states might also place the military under elected civilian control.en_US
dc.description.urihttp://archive.org/details/ofballotsndbulle1094543954
dc.publisherMonterey, California: Naval Postgraduate Schoolen_US
dc.rightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. As such, it is in the public domain, and under the provisions of Title 17, United States Code, Section 105, may not be copyrighted.en_US
dc.titleOf ballots and bullets: explaining civilian control of the military in Turkey, 2002ヨ2011en_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.secondreaderERROR
dc.contributor.departmentNational Security Affairs
dc.subject.authorCivil Military Relationsen_US
dc.subject.authorDemocratic Control of the Armed Forcesen_US
dc.subject.authorDemocratizationen_US
dc.subject.authorTurkeyen_US
dc.subject.authorMilitary Reformen_US
dc.subject.authorElectoral Competitionen_US
dc.subject.authorMilitary Professionalismen_US
dc.subject.authorCivilian Controlen_US
dc.subject.authorCoupen_US
dc.subject.authorContestationen_US
dc.subject.authorParty Politicsen_US
dc.subject.authorMilitary Interventionen_US
dc.subject.authorMilitary Trialsen_US
dc.subject.authorDemocratic Consolidationen_US
dc.subject.authorTransitionsen_US
dc.description.serviceMajor, United States Air Forceen_US
etd.thesisdegree.nameDoctor of Philosophy in Security Studiesen_US
etd.thesisdegree.levelDoctoralen_US
etd.thesisdegree.disciplineSecurity Studiesen_US
etd.thesisdegree.grantorNaval Postgraduate Schoolen_US


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