Immigration adjudication reform: the case for automation
Sanford, Abigail J.
MetadataShow full item record
A bill that has passed the United States Senate, S. 744, proposes a Lawful Prospective Immigrant (LPI) status and a path to Citizenship for an estimated 11–12 million undocumented immigrants in the United States. United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is the agency that would be responsible for processing applications for LPI status or other immigration benefits authorized by immigration reform legislation or administrative relief programs introduced by the White House. Current agency receipts of applications for immigration benefits range between 6 and 7 million per year. Depending on the eligibility criteria for new immigration benefits, agency receipts could triple. The operational impact of these legislative or executive actions on USCIS could bear significant national security risks. This study evaluates whether the implementation of automated tools would mitigate external operational impacts on USCIS. Two existing automated systems are studied. The Secure Flight system, operated by the Transportation Security Administration (TSA), and the Automated Continuous Evaluation System (ACES) as utilized in the Joint Reform Effort (JRE) were selected for their complexity, maturity, and similarity to immigration adjudications. This analysis demonstrates that automated tools can improve the quality of immigration adjudications by supporting a comprehensive assessment, including accuracy, timeliness, completeness and validity. Further, automation would improve the agency’s operational responsiveness when external factors such as policy changes affect workloads. These factors thereby improve national security by supporting the agency’s mission to uphold the integrity of the immigration system and to prevent and intercept illicit actors from entering or remaining in the United States.
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Wrona, Philip (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2007-03);Critical to the success of the homeland security mission is a robust Department of Homeland Security, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). During a speech made while signing the Homeland Security Appropriations Act ...
Martin, James H. (Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School, 2016-09);Since September 11, 2001, a collection of bills have been submitted to Congress proposing to amend section 349 of the Immigration and Nationality Act to provide that an individual may lose United States citizenship for ...
Transforming the U.S. immigration system after 9/11 the impact of organizational change and collaboration in the context of homeland security Wolfe, David (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2008-12);The terrorist attacks on 9/11 led to a fundamental reorganization of the U.S. immigration structure. The Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) was abolished in 2003 and its missions were transferred into three ...