Identifying and Mapping Night Lights using Imaging Spectrometry
Kruse, Fred A.
Elvidge, Christopher D.
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Remote mapping of night lights using the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) has been used for decades to inventory the global distribution of human activity. Â©Â± The coarse spatial and spectral resolution of DMSP, however, has precluded discrimination of lighting types or spectral characteristics. Recent demonstrations using photography from the International Space Station and airborne multispectral simulations demonstrate significant potential, but high-spectralresolution field and laboratory measurements indicate that these methods do not take full advantage of the spectral information available. This research demonstrates the use of imaging spectrometer data to identify, characterize, and map urban lighting based on comparison to a lights spectral library. The library provides information about spectral emission lines unique to specific lighting types. ProSpecTIR-VS imaging spectrometer data of Las Vegas, Nevada were analyzed to extract spectral features and these were compared to the spectral library measurements on a pixel-by-pixel basis, resulting in a detailed spatial map showing different lighting types. The nature and distribution of lights can be used as a surrogate for characterization of urban settings, and measurement of urban development.
IEEEAC paper #1282, Version 2, Updated December 22, 2010
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
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Kruse, Fred A.; Elvidge, Christopher D. (IEEE, 2011-04);Remote mapping of night lights has been used for decades for mapping urbanization and the global distribution of human activity. Most of this has been accomplished using remote sensing data from the Defense Meteorological ...
Kruse, Fred A.; Elvidge, Christopher D. (SPIE, 2011);"ProSpecTIR" Imaging spectrometer (hyperspectral imagery or "HSI") data were collected for the city of Las Vegas, Nevada, USA at 10:55 PM July 28, 2009 for the purposes of identification, characterization, and mapping of ...
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