Assessing the effectiveness of deradicalization programs for Islamist extremists
Johnston, Amanda K.
MetadataShow full item record
In recent counterterrorism efforts, several states have embarked on a new approach to the problem of countering radicalization of imprisoned extremists. Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, and Singapore have all implemented ideological-based deradicalization programs that attempt to change the ideologies held by these extremists and eventually allow for their release from prison and reintegration into normal society. Many factors seen in the deradicalization process are similar to those found in disengagement from a variety of other anti-social behaviors, including joining gangs, cults, and racist groups. They include engaging in ideological discussions, offering avenues for reintegration, and using family and peers as alternative networks of support to replace the radical milieu of extremism. Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, and Indonesia have each utilized some of these deradicalization techniques with varying degrees of success. Additionally, each country has approached the deradicalization process in a different way. Six general lessons emerge from these cases: success depends on the availability of: (1) adequate funding, (2) reform within the prison structure, (3) use of knowledgeable and well-respected Islamic clerics, (4) incorporation of cultural norms, (5) provision of monetary support to families of detainees, and (6) follow through with after-care programs.
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Duvall, Justin A.; Novy, Lee C.; Knox, Calvin A. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2012-12);The purpose of this thesis is to identify the optimal characteristics of a terrorist deradicalization campaign. A deradicalization campaign consists of all efforts a state or organization leverages to prevent the rise of ...
Barricman, Britni (Monterey, CA; Naval Postgraduate School, 2019-06);Thousands of ISIS fighters and supporters, over 4,000 children being among them, were displaced after the Islamic State’s proclaimed caliphate collapsed in 2019. While some countries have been either ambivalent or completely ...
STABLISHING A DERADICALIZATION/DISENGAGEMENT MODEL FOR AMERICA'S CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES: RECOMMENDATIONS FOR COUNTERING PRISON RADICALIZATION Parker, Tony C. (Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2013-03);Prison radicalization has been identified as a potentially significant threat to Americas homeland security. When considering the inmate population currently housed within the Federal Bureau of Prisons with a terrorism ...