Free field modeling of a MEMS-Based pressure gradient microphone
Harrison, Stephen C. W.
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Several articles have been written on Micro Electro Mechanical System (MEMS) based microphones including directional sound sensors, mimicking the hearing of the fly, Ormia Ochracea. Determining the operating characteristics of such directional sound sensors requires an understanding of the interaction of the incident sound field with the MEMS structure. Previous work at the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) concentrated on developing a finite element model that used either a force applied to the sound sensor or the far field of a point source to represent the acoustic pressure. However, both approaches failed to adequately explain experimental observations. In this thesis, a compact model is developed using the COMSOL Multiphysics finite-element code to represent the incident plane sound wave, with a perfectly matched layer (PML) and radiation condition to eliminate sound energy reflection from the outer boundary. The model was used to simulate the response of the sensor as a function of incident direction of the sound wave. The amplitude response of the sensor's bending frequency demonstrated a cosine dependence on the angle of incidence of the incoming sound wave. However, the amplitude at the sensor's rocking frequency showed a product of cosine and sine directional dependence. Finally, the substrate surrounding the sensor was introduced into the model. The introduction of the substrate resulted in increased amplitude response from the sensor. The simulated results including the substrate around the sensor agrees well with experimental measurements. It was found experimentally that the sensor detects the sound pressure gradient (particle velocity), rather than pressure as originally envisioned.
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Karunasiri, Gamani; Fabio Alves; Swan, William (SPIE, '2017-06-0);Conventional directional sound sensing systems employ an array of spatially separated microphones to achieve directivity. However, there are insects such as the Ormia ochracea fly that can determine the direction of sound ...
Davis, Darren D. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2011-12);The Sensor Research Laboratory (SRL) at Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) has developed a micro-electromechanical system (MEMS) based directional sound sensors that mimics the aural system of the Ormia Ochracea Fly. The goal ...
Wilmott, Daniel; Alves, Fabio; Karunasiri, Gamani (2016-07-21);A narrowband MEMS direction finding sensor has been developed based on the mechanically coupled ears of the Ormia Ochracea fly. The sensor consists of two wings coupled at the middle and attached to a substrate using two ...