Revisiting the effects of surface fluxes on rapid marine cyclogenesis
Nuss, Wendell A.
Miller, Douglas K.
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The role of surface sensible and latent heat fluxes in rapid oceanic cyclone development was a common topic in the late 1980s and early 1990s. The debate centered on the importance of these fluxes in overall storm development. Upward fluxes of water vapor and heat contribute to decreased low-level static stability (Reed and Albright 1986) and can pre-condition the storm environment for subsequent development (Kuo and Low-Nam 1990, and Kuo, Reed, and Low-Nam 1990). Depending on the phasing of the low-level fluxes relative to the baroclinic zone, the fluxes could either damp or amplify overall cyclogenesis during the period of storm development (Nuss and Anthes 1987, and Kuo, Reed, and Low-Nam 1990). The purpose of this study is to revisit the role of surface sensible and latent heat fluxes for a case of rapid oceanic storm development in order to better quantify and categorize, in both space and time relative to the developing surface cyclone, instances when surface sensible and latent heat fluxes amplify or dampen its development.
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