Democratization and the Civil War
Armey, Laura E.
McNab, Robert M.
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This paper examines the impact of civil war on democratization, particularly focussing on whether civil war provides an opportunity for institutional reform. We investigate the impact of war termination in general, along with prolonged violence, rebel victory, and international intervention on democratization. Using an unbalanced panel data set of 96 countries covering a 34-year period, our analysis suggests that civil war lowers democratization in the succeeding period. Our findings also suggest that United Nations intervention increases democratization, as do wars ending in stalemates. However, wars ending in rebel victories seem to reduce democratization. These findings appear robust to conditioning, different instrument sets, modelling techniques, and the measurement of democracy.
Final Manuscript copy.The article of record as published may be located at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00036846.2014.1000529Dataset set is included.
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
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Armey, Laura E.; McNab, Robert M. (Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School., 2015);This article examines the impact of civil war on democratization, particu- larly focusing on whether civil war provides an opportunity for institu- tional reform. We investigate the impact of war termination in general, ...
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Armey, Laura E.; McNab, Robert M. (Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School., 2013-06-04);This paper examines the impact of civil war on democracy. Drawing from the literature on war and democracy, we investigate the impact of prolonged violence, war termination, rebel victory, and international intervention ...