The significance of 2010 Iran-Turkey-Brazil nuclear deal for Turkey and Brazil
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Iran’s nuclear program has been one of the main controversial topics within the field of international relations since the early 1980s. From that time to 2010, Western states, particularly the United States, sought to prevent Iran from developing its program through different methods—from sanctions to diplomatic attempts. Despite all these efforts, Western states failed to persuade Iran to negotiate its program in a transparent manner. When there was no belief in diplomacy, two emerging powers, Turkey and Brazil, convinced Iran to come to the table. Due to the skepticism of the great international powers, this attempt also failed, but it continued to mean more than a deal for Turkey and Brazil. This thesis assesses the significance of 2010 Iran-Turkey-Brazil nuclear deal for Turkey and Brazil, and finds that Turkey and Brazil engaged in the deal because both of them had political and economic motivations. To understand the conditions that led Turkey and Brazil to engage in the deal, this study examines the evolution of Turkish and Brazilian foreign policies. Then, it focuses on the 2010 nuclear deal’s political and economic significance for Turkey and for Brazil.
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