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dc.contributor.advisorGordon, Ellen
dc.contributor.authorKral, Steven G.
dc.dateDec-14
dc.date.accessioned2015-02-18T00:17:50Z
dc.date.available2015-02-18T00:17:50Z
dc.date.issued2014-12
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10945/44599
dc.descriptionApproved for public release; distribution is unlimiteden_US
dc.description.abstractState and local funds are currently inadequate for completely securing local infrastructures. This thesis poses a solution to the funding issues by looking at the problem from two perspectives: risk assessment methodology and civic involvement. Risk assessment reduces the need for funding by funding the highest risk return on investment assets only. It is the foundation for determining the funding and resources required for hazard mitigation; however, the current risk methodology used by the Department of Homeland Security, Threat and Hazard Identification Risk Assessment, is flawed because it lacks adequate rigor and does not incorporate a major goal in measuring effectiveness—return on investment. Citizen involvement may provide an alternative source of funding through crowdsourcing, rather than taxation. Involving citizens in making decisions about resources and raising capital for security measures provides a viable alternative to federal funding and supports public desire to play a role against terrorism. But in order to make such a shift in expectations attainable, citizens must have the trust and transparency that is fostered through accurate assessments, communication, engagement, and reporting. This thesis evaluates the current risk methodology and its shortcomings and proposes a more rigorous approach based on in-depth, holistic risk analysis to reduce vulnerabilities within a vast network of critical infrastructure assets, and proposes crowdsourcing, crowdfunding, and bonding as alternatives to traditional federal government grant funding.en_US
dc.description.urihttp://archive.org/details/abalancedpproach1094544599
dc.publisherMonterey, California: Naval Postgraduate Schoolen_US
dc.rightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.en_US
dc.titleA balanced approach to funding homeland securityen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.secondreaderLewis, Ted G.
dc.contributor.departmentNational Security Affairs
dc.subject.authorreturn on investmenten_US
dc.subject.authorthreat and hazard identification risk assessmenten_US
dc.subject.authorgrant fundingen_US
dc.subject.authorBoston Marathonen_US
dc.subject.authorrisk methodologyen_US
dc.subject.authorcrowd fundingen_US
dc.subject.authorand crowd sourcing.en_US
dc.description.serviceHomeland Security Government Affairs Advisor, Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authorityen_US
etd.thesisdegree.nameMaster of Arts in Security Studies (Homeland Security and Defense)en_US
etd.thesisdegree.levelMastersen_US
etd.thesisdegree.disciplineSecurity Studies (Homeland Security and Defense)en_US
etd.thesisdegree.grantorNaval Postgraduate Schoolen_US


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