Using automatic identification system technology to improve maritime border security
Lindstrom, Tedric R.
MetadataShow full item record
Our coastal waters are the United States’ most open and vulnerable borders. This vast maritime domain harbors critical threats from terrorism, criminal activities, and natural disasters. Maritime borders pose significant security challenges, as nefarious entities have used small boats to conduct illegal activities for years, and they continue to do so today. Illegal drugs, money, weapons, and migrants flow both directions across our maritime borders, as vessels can quickly complete these transits without detection. To what extent could Automatic Identification System (AIS) technology improve border security against the small vessel threat? This thesis provides an overview of existing AIS systems and reviews the maritime border security effectiveness and cost benefit impacts of potential AIS equipment carriage requirements. We compared and analyzed policy options and reviewed implementation issues and concerns. Our conclusions are that the Department of Homeland Security should implement a regulation for all vessels, regardless of size, to install and broadcast Class A or Class B AIS when conducting international voyages. The proposed regulation would expand the existing Small Vessel Reporting System to a mandatory program wherein mariners are required to preregister and file float plans prior to conducting an international voyage. This proposed action provides direct support to three of the five basic homeland security missions: prevent terrorism and enhance security, secure and manage our borders, and enforce and administer our immigration laws.
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Organizational change for the intelligence community supporting maritime homeland security and defense : developing a domestic maritime intelligence network Storey, Bradley J. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2003-09);Since the beginning of the twentieth century, the United States has conducted the missions of Homeland Security and Defense abroad, rather than within its borders. While keeping conflict outside of our borders is preferred, ...
Dashtseren, Dashdavaa. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2006-09);Both globalization and the 9/11 terrorist attacks spawned heated debates about border security. It is widely agreed that in a globalizing world borders should be as open as possible and much has been written in recent years ...
Exploring the lack of interoperability of databases within Department of Homeland Security interagency environment concerning maritime port security Olk, Jeffrey S. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2009-03);Federal agencies that are within The Department of Homeland Security have many missions to support the security of the United States. One mission concurrent with this thesis topic is Maritime Interdiction Operations, ...