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dc.contributor.advisorArquilla, John
dc.contributor.authorWood, Kristen N.
dc.dateDec-14
dc.date.accessioned2015-02-18T00:18:21Z
dc.date.available2015-02-18T00:18:21Z
dc.date.issued2014-12
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10945/44692
dc.descriptionApproved for public release; distribution is unlimiteden_US
dc.description.abstractCovert action is a complex tool; planning and conducting effective covert operations can be a challenging process. Throughout history, covert actions have been applied with great effect in support of state policies, but also sometimes with devastating consequences for the sponsor. This thesis takes a systems approach to the study of covert action to help explain the divergence between effective and ineffective operations. It is demonstrated that, because of the complexities inherent in this policy tool, covert action can be best understood as a system, that is, by focusing on the interactions and interplay of the system’s components. Four concepts of systems are examined in relation to historic U.S. and international examples—the system diagram, system effects, feedback, and tradeoffs. This holistic view of covert action may help policymakers better assess the viability and implications of a covert strategy and allow for better integration of covert action into foreign policy. Ultimately, this thesis aims to advance discourse by developing a formal theory of covert action based on the systems approach and offers six favoring conditions that can assist policymakers when planning and executing covert strategies.en_US
dc.publisherMonterey, California: Naval Postgraduate Schoolen_US
dc.rightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.en_US
dc.titleCovert action: a systems approachen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.secondreaderAdame, Laura
dc.contributor.departmentDefense Analysis
dc.subject.authorcovert actionen_US
dc.subject.authorcovert operationen_US
dc.subject.authorcoverten_US
dc.subject.authorpropagandaen_US
dc.subject.authorpolitical activityen_US
dc.subject.authoreconomic activityen_US
dc.subject.authorsabotageen_US
dc.subject.authorcybotageen_US
dc.subject.authorassassinationen_US
dc.subject.authorgovernment coupen_US
dc.subject.authorparamilitary operationen_US
dc.subject.authorsystemsen_US
dc.subject.authorsystems approachen_US
dc.subject.authorsystems thinkingen_US
dc.subject.authorsystem effectsen_US
dc.subject.authorsystem feedbacken_US
dc.description.recognitionOutstanding Thesisen_US
dc.description.serviceMajor, United States Air Forceen_US
etd.thesisdegree.nameMaster of Science in Defense Analysisen_US
etd.thesisdegree.levelMastersen_US
etd.thesisdegree.disciplineDefense Analysisen_US
etd.thesisdegree.grantorNaval Postgraduate Schoolen_US


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