Ocean surface wave transformation over a sandy sea bed
Coll Florit, Guillermo.
Herbers, Thomas H.C.
MetadataShow full item record
Projecting naval forces in littoral areas requires a thorough understanding of the environmental processes that take place in those areas, especially ocean wave evolution, and the associated surf and wave-driven currents. The transformation of wave spectra in coastal environments is predicted with numerical models that include the effects of refraction, nonlinear wave-wave interactions, and parameterizations of wave breaking and bottom friction. This thesis presents a comparison between a new field data set and model predictions of wave transformation in shallow water. An array of 16 wave-measuring instruments was deployed outside the surf zone on the sandy sea bed of Martha's Vineyard's inner continental shelf in the fall of 2007. Data from these instruments are analyzed and the performance of the spectral wave prediction model SWAN (Simulating WAves Nearshore) is tested against the observations. The observations generally show gradual wave decay towards the shore with a reduction of as much as 15% of the incident wave height across only 4 km of continental shelf. Wave height variability is observed in both the crossshore and the alongshore directions, suggesting that the effect of bottom processes on wave energy is twodimensional. Comparisons of these observations with SWAN model predictions show that both bottom friction and refraction play a dominant role in the wave energy transformation outside the surf zone. Overall, the spectral wave decay is handled well by SWAN with any of the bottom friction parameterizations activated, including the widely used JONSWAP (Hasselmann et al., 1973) empirical parameterization. Deactivating bottom friction in SWAN yields a slight overprediction of nearshore wave heights.
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Fabrice, Ardhuin (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2001-09);The transformation of surface gravity waves propagating through shallow regions is investigated with extensive field data from the North Carolina continental shelf. A spectral energy balance equation is derived for a ...
Tide-level and bottom-friction effects on wave refraction as determined by numerical wave refraction procedures Farrell, Charles Augustus, Jr. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 1967-06);Numerical wave refraction programs permit a detailed study of the transformation of wave energy as waves move from deep water to shallow water. By eliminating the subjectivity that is present with hand drawn diagrams the ...
River Discharge and Bathymetry Estimation from Inversion of Surface Currents and Water Surface Elevation Observations Simeonov, Julian A.; Holland, K. Todd; Anderson, Steven P. (American Meteorological Society (AMS), 2019);We developed an approach for estimating river discharge and water depth from measurements of surfacevelocity and water surface elevation, based on analytical velocity–depth and velocity–slope relationships derived from the ...