Variational Estimation of Wave-Affected Parameters in a Two-Equation Turbulence Model
Chu, Peter C.
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A variational method is used to estimate wave-affected parameters in a two-equation turbulence model with assimilation of temperature data into an ocean boundary layer model. Enhancement of turbulent kinetic energy dissipation due to breaking waves is considered. The Mellor–Yamada level 2.5 turbulence closure scheme (MY2.5) with the two uncertain wave-affected parameters (wave energy factor a and Charnock coefficient b) is selected as the two-equation turbulence model for this study. Two types of experiments are conducted. First,within an identical synthetic experiment framework, the upper-layer temperature ‘‘observations’’ in summer generated by a ‘‘truth’’ model are assimilated into a biased simulation model to investigate if (a, b) can be successfully estimated using the variational method. Second, real temperature profiles from Ocean Weather Station Papa are assimilated into the biased simulation model to obtain the optimal wave-affected parameters. With the optimally estimated parameters, the upper-layer temperature can be well predicted. Furthermore, the horizontal distribution of the wave-affected parameters employed in a high-order turbulence closure scheme can be estimated optimally by using the four-dimensional variational method that assimilates the upper-layer available temperature data into an ocean general circulation model.
The article of record as published may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00087.1
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