Unattended ground sensors for Expeditionary Force 21 intelligence collections
Harrington, Ryan F.
Buettner, Raymond R.
Gibson, John H.
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As our adversaries continue to evolve in complexity, the U.S. Marines adapt in kind with its design and intent through its Expeditionary Force 21 (EF 21) Capstone. EF 21 stresses the need for increased persistent intelligence collections capabilities and the optimization of existing assets. Current requirements for Unattended Ground Sensors (UGS) limit usage in non-permissive environments beyond the Area of Operations, contrary to the new demands of EF 21. UGS shortfalls include the technologies in use and the capability of the Marines employing them. The fusion of reconnaissance Marines with commercial state-of-the-art UGS expands the current ground intelligence collections capability to be rapid and adaptable for EF 21. This concept required researching the reconnaissance and intelligence battalions, the UGS associated individual standards, and existing UGS from McQ Incorporated and the Defense Advance Research Products Agency. Analysis of this research consisted of a Systems Engineering approach applied the Doctrine, Organizations, Training, Materials, Leadership, Personnel, and Facilities fields for UGS. The result was a new table of organization for the Marines ground sensor platoons, focusing on restructuring these units for operational flexibility, fusion with reconnaissance Marines to extend tactical reach, and technological upgrades to advance all existing UGS capabilities.
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