Tropical cyclone footprint in the ocean mixed layer observed by Argo in the Northwest Pacific
Chu, Peter C.
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This study systematically investigated the ocean mixed layer responses to tropical cyclone (TC) using available Argo profiles during the period of 1998–2011 in the northwest Pacific. Results reveal that isothermal layer (IL) deepening and isothermal layer (IL) cooling with evident rightward biases induced by strong TCs are clearer compared to the weak TCs. Likewise, the rightward biases of IL deepening and cooling induced by fast TCs are more obvious than that induced by slow TCs. The upwelling within TC’s eye is much stronger for the strong (slow) TCs than weak (fast) TCs. For the strong and slow TCs, the TC-induced rainfall reduces deepening of constant density layer (with its depth called the mixed layer depth, MLD), and in turn increases the barrier layer thickness (BLT). The initial BL prior to TC can restrict IL cooling more markedly under the weak and fast TCs than under the strong and slow TCs. The inertial oscillation is stronger induced by the strong (fast) TCs than by the weak (slow) TCs. In addition, the most pronounced TC-induced mixed layer deepening and IL cooling in July to October climatology occur in the subtropical gyre of the northwest Pacific with enhanced vertical diffusivity. The maximum increase of isothermal layer depth (ILD) and MLD is up to 5 m, with IL cooling up to 0.4 C.
The article of record as published may be located at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010316
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