Social Movements, Fundamentalists, and Cosmic Warriors: Three Theories of Religious Activism and Violence
Gregg, Heather S.
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This article presents three different causal arguments for religious activism—social movements, fundamentalism, and Cosmic War—and the conditions under which religiously motivated violence occur. These three causal arguments offer a spectrum of goals within religious activism, ranging from challenging social practices and government policies, to defending specific interpretations and practices of the faith, to hastening the apocalypse. Furthermore, each of these theories proposes different ways that religion becomes involved in social, political and religious activism and the conditions under which groups use violence to further their goals. The article concludes by suggesting countermeasures for each type of religious activism.
Prepared for the ASREC Conference, April 11-14, 2013, Washington, DC
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