At periscope depth: exploring submarine proliferation in Southeast Asia
Hardy, Corwin J.
Malley, Michael S.
Moltz, James Clay
MetadataShow full item record
Submarine proliferation in the post–Cold War environment has led to an exponential increase in the number of regional submarine operators and begs the question: Were these submarine purchases made for deterrence, enforcement, prestige, or a combination of the three? This thesis compared the case studies of Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and Vietnam, analyzed statements made by government and defense officials, and weighed each against the regional security environment to determine states’ rationales for purchasing submarines. Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore likely purchased submarines for deterrence and enforcement, and Vietnam for deterrence. The deterrence imperative for all states was relatively strong, but enforcement rationales varied; prestige lacked credible evidence as a rationale for submarine purchases. Future submarine proliferators, including the Philippines and Thailand, are likely to successfully acquire submarines when the deterrence or enforcement imperatives are strongest. These findings are significant because regional submarine operations that increase the potential for undersea conflict or accidents can be minimized if governments can reduce the threat perceptions of other states or find alternative, effective methods to enforce the maritime domain.
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Field, Benjamin R. (Monterey, CA; Naval Postgraduate School, 2022-06);Ballistic missile submarines (SSBNs) are a stealthy, survivable launch platform that contributes to strategic deterrence, the number one mission of the Department of Defense. Ohio-class SSBNs, which have filled the role ...
Tritten, James John (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 1992-05-12); NPS-NS-92-010The three basic elements where we traditionally commence strategic planning have changed dramatically in the past two years. A new national security strategy recasts the roles and missions of the armed forces in new terms. ...
Kolbas, Patrick Joseph (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 1991-06);This thesis examines the implications for nuclear deterrence between the United States and the Soviet Union brought about by the dramatic changes in the strategic environment during the 1980s. Specifically, it examines the ...