Smart antenna application in DS-CDMA mobile communication system
Ng, Kok Keng.
Ha, Tri T.
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This thesis examine the use of an equally- spaced linear adaptive antenna array at the mobile station for a typical Direct Sequence Code Division Multiple Access (DS-CDMA) cellular mobile communications system with forward error correction, with soft decision decoding is studied. We analyze the performance of a randomly positioned mobile terminal with a randomly orientated adaptive antenna array in the forward channel (base-station to mobile) of a multi-cell DS-CDMA system and established four performance boundaries. Using the more conservative optimized array antenna performance boundary for the 2-, 3- and 4-element linear array, we compare the capacity and the performance of different cellular systems under a range of shadowing conditions, with and without antenna sectoring at the base-station, and for various user capacities, using Monte Carlo simulation. We further apply tapped-delay line (transversal filter) to each antenna element channel, to allow frequency dependent amplitude and phase adjustment for broadband signals. The performance of a DS-CDMA cellular system with a mobile terminal equipped with a linear array and a tapped-delay line is analyzed. It has been demonstrated that the optimization process has been extremely computationally expensive and hence minimum taps should be used for practical consideration. The results illustrated that, in general, for a 2-element linear array system, a 3-tap delay line would be sufficient to equalize the broadband signal while providing a similar performance level to that of a narrow-band adaptive array system. In the case of a 3-element linear array system, a 2-tap delay line would suffice.
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