Design and operation of a superconducting quarter-wave electron gun
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Superconducting radio-frequency electron guns are viewed by many as the preferred technology for generating the high-quality, high-current beams needed for future high power-free-electron lasers and energy recovery linacs. All previous guns of this type have employed elliptical cavities, but there are potential advantages associated with other geometries. Here we describe the design, commissioning, and initial results from a superconducting radio-frequency electron gun employing a quarter-wave resonator configuration, the first such device to be built and tested. In initial operation, the gun has generated beams with bunch charge is excess in 78 pC, energy of 469 keV, and normalized rms emittances of about 4.9 um. Currently, bunch charge is limited by the available drive laser energy, and beam energy is limited by x-ray production and the available rf power. No fundamental limits on beam charge or energy have been encountered, and no high-field quenching events have been observed.
The article of record as published may be found at: http://dx.doi.org10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.14.053501Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited
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