Defense supplementals and the budget process
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Supplemental appropriations provide emergency adjustments to the current year, usually for national defense contingencies and natural disaster emergencies. Recently, they have adopted some of the complexities of the regular appropriation process. For example, both the president and Congress may suggest when a supplemental is a dire emergency and thus beyond spending discipline and when it must be offset. Some supplementals have paid for nonemergency activities, others have resulted in funding decreases, and still others have resulted in spending in future years. Compared to the normal appropriation process, supplementals are usually passed expeditiously. Defense supplementals are generally precisely priced, whereas disaster supplementals tend to be lump sum estimates.
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Godek, Paul A. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2000-12);The increased use of emergency" supplemental appropriations is gaining awareness within the Department of Defense (DoD) and continues to reflect the pressure of budget caps in the congressional appropriations process. While ...
Holcombe, Sharon G.; Johnston, Nathan C. (Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2008-06);The Planning, Programming and Budgeting (PPB) system was introduced in the department of Defense (DoD) in the 1960's to link strategies to programs that best satisfy the Nation's policy objectives and fit within budget ...
Urso, Philip G. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2002-12);The supplemental appropriation may be used as a budgetary tool for funding requirements. This study examined how the supplemental affected the Department of Defense (DoD) from fiscal year 1996 to fiscal year 2000. Furthermore, ...