Reproducible (operations) research
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Buried in the middle of physician-author Michael Crichton's quote about the place (or lack thereof) of consensus in science, is an alliteration - reproducible results - that he claims (and I suspect most would agree) is relevant to science . The traditional meaning of reproducible results addresses the verification of a scientific experiment by other researchers using an independent experiment. However, computational science poses new challenges to the scientific tradition . Science often proceeds by iterative refinements where the works themselves (Le., the explicit computations) are seldom published, and it is difficult for others to refine or improve them . As expressed by the Yale law School Roundtable on Data and Code Sharing, "Generating verifiable knowledge has long been scientific discovery's central goal, yet today it's impossible to verify most of the computational results that scientists present at conferences and in papers."
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