Assessing grant allocation methods for federal homeland security urban area assistance funding
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Federal grant assistance from the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is critical for building and sustaining preparedness in urban areas. According to the 9/11 Commission Report, Throughout the government, nothing has been harder for officials—executive or legislative—than to set priorities, making hard choices in allocating limited resources. The purpose of this thesis is to explore other viable options for allocating grant assistance to urban areas to reduce risk. A case study of the United Kingdom’s grant allocation approach provides a comparative analysis for DHS funding. Components of the UK’s allocation model, such as directly funding public safety and assessing relative need, could be applied in theUnited States as a pilot study. Similar to the Department of Justice’s direct-funded, community-oriented policing program, DHS funding could be allocated to metropolitan statistical areas to address specific national threat priorities, thereby aligning funding with risk, enhancing regional collaboration, and leveraging limited resources.
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