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dc.contributor.advisorChatterjee, Anshu Nagpal
dc.contributor.authorPremaratne, Nilantha P.
dc.dateDec-15
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-17T18:38:04Z
dc.date.available2016-02-17T18:38:04Z
dc.date.issued2015-12
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10945/47849
dc.descriptionApproved for public release; distribution is unlimiteden_US
dc.description.abstractAfter thirty years of protracted war against the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), Sri Lanka defeated its long-lasting terrorist insurgency in May 2009. Sri Lanka’s victory surprised the world. This thesis examines why Sri Lanka’s counterterrorism strategy succeeded in 2009 when it had previously failed. Discriminatory government policies, the economic liberalization in the 1980s, and external support fueled Tamil insurgency and terrorism on the island. International settings in the 1990s enabled the Tamil diaspora to consolidate support in the Western world, and LTTE evolved as a hybrid terrorist organization. The behavior of the LTTE and its sympathizers overseas explains how the changing external conditions affected insurgency and terrorism in Sri Lanka. Though globalization and the end of the Cold War created new patterns of transnational terrorism, the aftermath of the 9/11 terrorist attack and the U.S.-led war on terror changed the world’s opinion about terrorism. Therefore, this thesis argues that the change in international opinion on accommodating insurgency and terrorism after December 2001 strengthened the cooperation among countries combatting terrorism and had an impact on counterterrorism in Sri Lanka. The Sri Lankan victory proved that counterinsurgency and counterterrorism efforts succeeded after the external conditions changed.en_US
dc.description.urihttp://archive.org/details/impactofchanging1094547849
dc.publisherMonterey, California: Naval Postgraduate Schoolen_US
dc.rightsCopyright is reserved by the copyright owner.en_US
dc.titleImpact of changing external conditions on counterinsurgency: the Sri Lankan experienceen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.secondreaderKapur, S. Paul
dc.contributor.departmentNational Security Affairs
dc.contributor.departmentNational Security Affairsen_US
dc.subject.authorcounterinsurgencyen_US
dc.subject.authorcounterterrorismen_US
dc.subject.authorexternal conditionsen_US
dc.subject.authorethnic conflicten_US
dc.subject.authoreconomic liberalizationen_US
dc.subject.authorexternal supporten_US
dc.subject.authorfundraisingen_US
dc.subject.authorfront organizationsen_US
dc.subject.authorforeign collaborationen_US
dc.subject.authorglobalizationen_US
dc.subject.authorIndiaen_US
dc.subject.authorLTTEen_US
dc.subject.authorNGOsen_US
dc.subject.authorSri Lankaen_US
dc.subject.authorsuicide terrorismen_US
dc.subject.authorTamil diasporaen_US
dc.subject.authorTamil Naduen_US
dc.description.serviceLieutenant Colonel, Sri Lanka Armyen_US
etd.thesisdegree.nameMaster of Arts in Security Studies (Combating Terrorism: Policy & Strategy)en_US
etd.thesisdegree.levelMastersen_US
etd.thesisdegree.disciplineSecurity Studies (Combating Terrorism: Policy & Strategy)en_US
etd.thesisdegree.grantorNaval Postgraduate Schoolen_US


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