Energy security in Jordan
Steiner, John R.
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This thesis explores if the energy strategy of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, as formulated and executed by the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, will help the country achieve greater energy security. This work qualitatively analyzes the progress in each energy subsector—hydrocarbons, nuclear power, and renewables—on goals presented in the country’s strategy and provides further analysis to determine each subsector’s potential to play a greater role in future energy development. The primary conclusion is that the goals within Jordan’s overarching energy strategy have not been realized and, consequently, the strategy is not on track to provide energy security. This conclusion is based on three main findings. First, Jordan failed in meeting targets to diversify and exploit domestic hydrocarbon resources—being forced to rely on foreign heavy fuels and running a deficit to meet basic energy needs. Second, the kingdom’s nuclear program has not kept up with development milestones and further nuclear progress is hampered by significant political and resource constraints. Third, the administration in Amman has been unsuccessful in fully capitalizing on the abundance of renewable energy resources readily available within Jordan’s borders.
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