Reforming the U.S. security assistance export process to build existing capabilities
Stokes, John E., Jr.
Pickar, Charles K.
Liptak, Gilbert J.
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Security assistance is a key element in the formulation of foreign policy in the United States. The Department of State, the Department of Defense, and other agencies are involved in planning and managing the programs. This paper aims at evaluating security assistance programs in theUnited States and the mechanisms the government can use to leverage the programs and build upon the existing capabilities. Consequently, this paper examines the roles of the agencies and departments involved in the programs to offer an understanding of the limitations and challenges experienced in the execution of the programs. While acknowledging the expanding role of the programs, the findings indicate a need for reforms in the export-control mechanisms since they have a direct effect on security assistance. Additionally, the findings highlight redundancies in the execution of the programs because of the involvement of many agencies and departments, which have duplicated roles. The study recommends a governance framework in the management of the programs since the framework could help in the integration of the redundant roles.
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