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dc.contributor.advisorDahl, Erik
dc.contributor.authorClees, Michael R.
dc.dateDec-15
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-17T18:38:39Z
dc.date.available2016-02-17T18:38:39Z
dc.date.issued2015-12
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10945/47923
dc.descriptionApproved for public release; distribution is unlimiteden_US
dc.description.abstractAfter the September 11 attacks, it was expected that terrorists would continue their innovations in tactics to eventually use high-tech weapons of mass destruction (WMD). Such a WMD attack has not occurred. During the past decade, however, law enforcement and military authorities in theUnited States and in other countries have faced a number of terrorist attacks carried out using more conventional paramilitary methods with devastating results. This thesis examines the paramilitary terrorist attacks that occurred in Beslan in 2004 and in Mumbai in 2008 in an attempt to understand the threat and to establish the criteria for an effective U.S. response to paramilitary terrorism. It is important to understand that a drastic difference exists between requirements for response to paramilitary terrorism and the more common active shooter protocols. This thesis examines the capabilities and limitations of law enforcement, the National Guard, and the active component (AC) of the military to recommend a response that could be uniformly achieved across the United States. It was determined that the AC of the military is the only capable response force. It requires additional planning, coordination, and cross-training with regional civilian counterparts for an effective response to a paramilitary attack to be established.en_US
dc.publisherMonterey, California: Naval Postgraduate Schoolen_US
dc.rightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.en_US
dc.titleCombating paramilitary terrorism on the homefront: an examination of capabilities and limitations of U.S. response forcesen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.secondreaderHalladay, Carolyn
dc.contributor.departmentNational Security Affairs
dc.contributor.departmentNational Security Affairsen_US
dc.subject.authorparamilitary terrorismen_US
dc.subject.authorNorth Hollywood shootouten_US
dc.subject.authorMumbai attacken_US
dc.subject.authorBeslan school attacken_US
dc.subject.authorposse comitatusen_US
dc.subject.authorcounterterrorismen_US
dc.subject.authordomestic terrorismen_US
dc.description.serviceLieutenant Commander, United States Navyen_US
etd.thesisdegree.nameMaster of Arts in Security Studies (Homeland Security and Defense)en_US
etd.thesisdegree.levelMastersen_US
etd.thesisdegree.disciplineSecurity Studies (Homeland Security and Defense)en_US
etd.thesisdegree.grantorNaval Postgraduate Schoolen_US


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