UNSC’s expansion: prospects for change and implications for the regions and the world
Khan, Aamir Hussain
Halladay, Carolyn C.
Looney, Robert E.
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The United Nations was formed in 1945 in San Francisco; its founding aim was to avert catastrophes like World War II. The U.N. Security Council (UNSC) is the most powerful organ of the U.N., which is responsible for maintenance of international peace. The five permanent members of the UNSC, collectively referred to as P5, possess veto power. The composition and power distribution among members of the UNSC has remained controversial ever since its existence, and therefore, demand has been raised for changing the council’s composition and structure. Since the inception of the U.N., various reform efforts, especially to expand the UNSC, have been attempted from time to time. So far, all have failed. Since 2004, the reform process has gained renewed momentum, thanks to the interest of various influential countries that are seeking a seat at the UNSC for themselves. This thesis examines how expanding the UNSC would affect global security. Which likely effects would current reform proposals, if approved, have in the regions and the world? Finally, the thesis examines the implications for Pakistan and the South Asian region, in case India becomes a permanent member of the UNSC.
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