Sports-related riots: understanding group behavior to improve police strategy
Mammana, Gregory N.
MetadataShow full item record
When a celebration following a college sporting event turns into a riot, the consequences may be devastating to a school, a community, and the police department. This trend is increasing on campuses across the country, and the perceived randomness of violence has police departments and communities alarmed. Based on several assumptions, current police training and policy focuses on crowd movement and riot suppression, which minimizes the ability to influence a crowd to the point of preventing a riot. One assumption is that large crowds share group similarities. Police also use inaccurate behavioral markers to identify the changing mood of a crowd and base their response on these markers. This thesis identifies the differences among disturbances and focuses specifically on riots that occur following college sporting events in the United States, using supporting data from case studies of college sporting events between 1997 and 2015. Using the normative and social identity theories as models, this thesis shows that sports riots follow a specific pattern of social behaviors and shows how early intervention may influence the behavior of the crowd. Finally, it concludes with recommendations for police when managing the crowd before, during, and following a college sporting event.
RightsCopyright is reserved by the copyright owner.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
NCAA FOOTBALL GAME SECURITY IN THE BIG TEN CONFERENCE: HOW CAMPUS POLICE ARE TRAINED AND EQUIPPED TO COMBAT TERRORISM Reese, Alexander F. (Monterey, CA; Naval Postgraduate School, 2021-03);College football stadiums in the Big Ten Conference can host 100,000 fans each home game, which make them potential targets for terrorists or lone wolves who seek to further their agenda through mass casualty events. This ...
Elow, Christine A. (Monterey, CA; Naval Postgraduate School, 2019-12);Critical race theory (CRT) contends that U.S. structures and institutions have created a society in which White superiority and Black subjugation are widespread. Law enforcement—far from supporting justice—has been a primary ...
Higgins, Ronnell A. (Monterey, CA; Naval Postgraduate School, 2020-03);The strategy a campus police leader and university administration adopt in a post-9/11 world must consider the context of campus attacks and foiled plots over the past 12 years: the 2007 Virginia Tech massacre, the 2014 ...