Hydrodynamic Loads Induced By Earthquakes
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When bottom mounted structures of large displacement are immersed in the sea. earthquake induced hydrodynamic loads may become important design factors. Specifically, as the earth oscillates, a bottom mounted structure is forced to describe time dependent motion in an otherwise still fluid. As a result, hydrodynamic loads in addition to the inertial loads of the structure itself are induced. In this paper, a theoretical approach to the calculation of these hydrodynamic loads is outlined and numerical results are presented for several submerged configurations . Practical geometries considered include a submerged 011 storage tank configuration and a conical configuration as has been proposed for offshore drilling rig designs for deployment in the Arctic. Also, computations were carried out for a sphere and vertical circular cylinder and various comparisons with classical results are made. Numerical results for these submerged structures are presented in the form of a dimensionless hydrodynamic load parameter or added mass coefficient. Results corresponding to a number of different water depths are presented to show the rather sizable effect of the relative water depth on the hydrodynamic force. It is shown that for typical earthquake frequencies, the effect of the free water surf ace is to reduce the hydrodynamic loads in comparison to the corresponding infinite depth values . Experimental results obtained by vibration testing are presented for a submerged sphere and a vertical circular cylinder. These results show excellent agreement with the theoretical results .
This paper was prepared for presentation at the Fourth Annual Offshore Technology Conference held in Houston, Tex., May 1-3, 1972 .
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