An analysis of the Beaufort Sea thermohaline structure and variability, and its effects on acoustic propagation
Pearson, Annalise N.
Colosi, John A.
Joseph, John E.
MetadataShow full item record
This thesis provides an analysis of spatial and temporal thermohaline variations of the Canada Basin in the Western Arctic and examines how these variations affect sound speed fields and acoustic propagation. In recent decades, changes in the Arctic water column have been underway as a result of climate change including reduced sea ice and changes in transports between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. These changes were studied and analyzed using observational data collected from the Canada Basin Acoustic Propagation Experiment (CANAPE) conducted in the summer of 2015. The thermohaline sound speed structure was examined by computing isopycnal displacements, which allowed separation of internal waves and eddies from intrusive thermohaline structure or spice. Temporal structure of these processes was estimated using spectral analysis, and vertical structure was examined by computing the rms variation of the various processes as a function of depth. Observations were compared to climatology. Acoustic propagation simulations using a ray-based model termed Bellhop were used to estimate the acoustic sensitivity to the observed ocean structure. It was found that internal waves were weak compared to the Garret Munk spectrum and that spice is surprisingly strong in the ocean structure with dominance in the upper 100m. The acoustic analysis revealed that a greater variability in transmission loss in the CTD CANAPE data was evident compared to climatology and previous observations, particularly at greater frequencies and range. The presence of a sub-surface sound speed duct existed with an axis at ~120m and accommodated an environment with increased travel distance for acoustic energy and lower transmission loss for depths between 100Ð200m.
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Morvillez, Thierry (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 1997-09);The electronic emissions of a low frequency sound source placed by the Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Climate (ATOC) project on Pioneer Seamount were monitored by a bottom lying receiver on Sur Ridge from April 1996 to ...
Statistics of acoustic pulse signals through nonlinear internal waves on the continental shelf of the northeastern South China Sea Reeves, Justin M. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2008-03);1 km), high-frequency, nonlinear internal depression and elevation waves superimposed on the internal tides. Through the use of an empirical sound-speed field and a coupled, normal-mode acoustic propagation model, the ...
Wall, Steven E. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2007-12);This study explores the dynamics of salt finger convection which occurs when warm, salty water overlies cool and fresh. Salt finger convection is generally observed in mid-latitude regions, particularly in the Atlantic ...