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dc.contributor.advisorColosi, John A.
dc.contributor.authorPearson, Annalise N.
dc.date16-Jun
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-02T19:33:56Z
dc.date.available2016-08-02T19:33:56Z
dc.date.issued2016-06
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10945/49364
dc.descriptionApproved for public release; distribution is unlimiteden_US
dc.description.abstractThis thesis provides an analysis of spatial and temporal thermohaline variations of the Canada Basin in the Western Arctic and examines how these variations affect sound speed fields and acoustic propagation. In recent decades, changes in the Arctic water column have been underway as a result of climate change including reduced sea ice and changes in transports between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. These changes were studied and analyzed using observational data collected from the Canada Basin Acoustic Propagation Experiment (CANAPE) conducted in the summer of 2015. The thermohaline sound speed structure was examined by computing isopycnal displacements, which allowed separation of internal waves and eddies from intrusive thermohaline structure or spice. Temporal structure of these processes was estimated using spectral analysis, and vertical structure was examined by computing the rms variation of the various processes as a function of depth. Observations were compared to climatology. Acoustic propagation simulations using a ray-based model termed Bellhop were used to estimate the acoustic sensitivity to the observed ocean structure. It was found that internal waves were weak compared to the Garret Munk spectrum and that spice is surprisingly strong in the ocean structure with dominance in the upper 100m. The acoustic analysis revealed that a greater variability in transmission loss in the CTD CANAPE data was evident compared to climatology and previous observations, particularly at greater frequencies and range. The presence of a sub-surface sound speed duct existed with an axis at ~120m and accommodated an environment with increased travel distance for acoustic energy and lower transmission loss for depths between 100Ð200m.en_US
dc.description.urihttp://archive.org/details/annalysisofbeauf1094549364
dc.publisherMonterey, California. Naval Postgraduate Schoolen_US
dc.rightsCopyright is reserved by the copyright owner.en_US
dc.titleAn analysis of the Beaufort Sea thermohaline structure and variability, and its effects on acoustic propagationen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.secondreaderJoseph, John E.
dc.contributor.departmentOceanographyen_US
dc.subject.authorpolar oceanographyen_US
dc.subject.authorBeaufort Seaen_US
dc.subject.authorthermohaline sound speed structureen_US
dc.subject.authorclimate changeen_US
dc.subject.authorArctic sea ice extenten_US
dc.subject.authoracoustic propagationen_US
dc.subject.authorArctic acousticsen_US
dc.description.serviceLieutenant Commander, Royal Australian Navyen_US
etd.thesisdegree.nameMaster of Science in Physical Oceanographyen_US
etd.thesisdegree.levelMastersen_US
etd.thesisdegree.disciplinePhysical Oceanographyen_US
etd.thesisdegree.grantorNaval Postgraduate Schoolen_US


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