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dc.contributor.advisorHafez, Mohammed
dc.contributor.authorStrand, Breanna C.
dc.date16-Jun
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-02T19:34:14Z
dc.date.available2016-08-02T19:34:14Z
dc.date.issued2016-06
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10945/49393
dc.descriptionApproved for public release; distribution is unlimiteden_US
dc.description.abstractSectarian violence in the Middle East has continued to rise amid regional turmoil and transition. Though violence perpetuated along sectarian identities has occurred at times during the Middle East's long history, it is not a constant or normal state of events. This thesis explains the rise in contemporary sectarian violence through comparative analysis and literature on Middle Eastern sectarianism and ethnic violence theory. This thesis has identified four primary independent variables as contributing factors to the dependent variable of sectarian violence. Three primary independent variables heightened the saliency of sectarian identity and regional sectarian tensions: identity group grievances, elite instrumentalization, and the regional context of the proxy war between Saudi Arabia and Iran. State collapse, the fourth and most critical variable, then transforms sectarian tensions into sectarian violence due to the political, economic, and security vacuums created. This conclusion is demonstrated by comparing sectarian violence in Bahrain and Yemen. Though Bahrain and Yemen share the first three variables (grievances, instrumentalization, and regional context), they diverge on the forth variable, state collapse. As a result, Yemen, which has experienced state collapse, has escalating sectarian violence, while Bahrain has failed to experience sectarian violence due to a robust and capable state apparatus.en_US
dc.description.urihttp://archive.org/details/explainingsectar1094549393
dc.publisherMonterey, California: Naval Postgraduate Schoolen_US
dc.rightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.en_US
dc.titleExplaining sectarian violence in the Middle East: a comparative study of Bahrain and Yemenen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.secondreaderRussell, James
dc.contributor.departmentNational Security Affairsen_US
dc.subject.authorsectarian violenceen_US
dc.subject.authorsectarianismen_US
dc.subject.authorMiddle Easten_US
dc.subject.authorYemenen_US
dc.subject.authorBahrainen_US
dc.subject.authorstate collapseen_US
dc.subject.authorSaudi Arabiaen_US
dc.subject.authorIranen_US
dc.subject.authorproxy waren_US
dc.subject.authorgrievancesen_US
dc.subject.authorinstrumentalizationen_US
dc.subject.authorGovernment of Yemenen_US
dc.subject.authorGovernment of Bahrainen_US
dc.description.recognitionOutstanding Thesisen_US
dc.description.serviceLieutenant, United States Navyen_US
etd.thesisdegree.nameMaster of Arts in Security Studies (Middle East, South Asia, Sub-saharan Africa)en_US
etd.thesisdegree.levelMastersen_US
etd.thesisdegree.disciplineSecurity Studies (Middle East, South Asia, Sub-saharan Africa)en_US
etd.thesisdegree.grantorNaval Postgraduate Schoolen_US


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