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dc.contributor.advisorBlanken, Leo
dc.contributor.advisorSepp, Kalev
dc.contributor.authorCoffman, Sean R.
dc.contributor.authorShumaker, Rob J.
dc.contributor.authorGivens, Jeff M.
dc.date16-Jun
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-02T19:34:41Z
dc.date.available2016-08-02T19:34:41Z
dc.date.issued2016-06
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10945/49435
dc.descriptionApproved for public release; distribution is unlimiteden_US
dc.description.abstractAs conflicts increasingly fall within the Gray Zone--that is, outside the traditional peace-or-war construct--the U.S. military must understand how to succeed in this ambiguous environment and counter its threats. A key challenge is understanding how to employ the tools available in the Gray Zone--the primary tool being Special Operation Forces (SOF). This research finds that policymakers and others outside of SOF have often misapplied this tool, due to limited understanding of SOF roles and competencies. This limited understanding or misperception of SOF may have a detrimental effect on the ability of the Unites States to reach its foreign policy goals. This research analyzes U.S. SOF employment in the Gray Zone, breaking down constituent components and identifying those of greater importance. Characteristics of the Gray Zone and irregular warfare are considered, and a holistic approach to the use of irregular warfare in the Gray Zone is proposed. Graham Allison and Morton Halperin's bureaucratic politics model is used to discern the factors that shape the perception of SOF. Two historical cases are viewed through the lens of the bureaucratic politics model to show how SOF capabilities must be well understood and properly employed to achieve desired U.S. policy goals.en_US
dc.description.urihttp://archive.org/details/perceptionisreal1094549435
dc.publisherMonterey, California: Naval Postgraduate Schoolen_US
dc.rightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.en_US
dc.titlePerception is reality: Special Operations Forces in the gray zoneen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.secondreaderLeMire, Guy
dc.contributor.departmentDefense Analysis (DA)
dc.subject.authorSpecial Operations Forcesen_US
dc.subject.authorGray Zoneen_US
dc.subject.authorirregular warfareen_US
dc.subject.authorU.S. policyen_US
dc.subject.authorbureaucratic politics modelen_US
dc.subject.authorSomaliaen_US
dc.subject.authorPhilippinesen_US
dc.subject.authorOperation Enduring Freedom-Philippines (OEF-P)en_US
dc.description.serviceMajor, United States Armyen_US
dc.description.serviceMajor, United States Armyen_US
dc.description.serviceMajor, United States Armyen_US
etd.thesisdegree.nameMaster of Science in Defense Analysisen_US
etd.thesisdegree.levelMastersen_US
etd.thesisdegree.disciplineDefense Analysisen_US
etd.thesisdegree.grantorNaval Postgraduate Schoolen_US


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