Civil-Military Relations in Portugal: The Long Process to Achieve Civilian Control and Military Effectiveness
Bruneau, Thomas C.
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Civil-military relations in Portugal are analyzed employing a framework with empirical indicators focusing on the three dimensions of democratic civilian control, effectiveness in roles and missions, and efficiency. Despite the economic crisis, and consequent lack of government resources, this analysis of Portugal is positive in comparative perspective. In addition to the influence and incentives of international organizations, specifically NATO, EU, and the UN, the author emphasizes how civilians and military use defense policy and the armed forces in pursuing strategic goals. The author is distinguished professor emeritus at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California. He received his PhD in Political Science from the University of California at Berkeley, and has published scholarly books and articles on civil-military relations, reform of intelligence agencies, Central American street gangs, and the use of private security contractors by the United States in Afghanistan and Iraq.
Portuguese language translation is available here: https://calhoun.nps.edu/handle/10945/49921
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