Analysis of Low Reynolds Number Airfoil Flows
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Compressible steady and unsteady flowfields over a NACA 0012 airfoil at transitional Reynolds numbers are investigated. Comparisons with recently obtained experimental data are used to evaluate the ability of a numerical solution based on the compressible thin layer Navier-Stokes approximation, augmented with a transition model, to simulate transitional flow features. The discretization is obtained with an upwind-biased, factorized, iterative scheme. Transition onset is estimated using an empirical criterion based on the computed mean flow boundarylayer quantities. The transition length is computed from an empirical formula. The incorporation of transition modeling enables the prediction of the experimentally observed leading-edge separation bubbles. Results for steady airfoil flows at fixed angles of attack and for oscillating airfoils are presented.
(AIAA Paper 94-0534), Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 32, No. 3, May-Jun. 1995, pp. 625-630.
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