Prachanda the mastermind behind the Maoist Insurgency in Nepal
MetadataShow full item record
This study focuses on the leadership roles of Pushpa Kamal Dahal, alias "Prachanda", in the Maoist's political victory in Nepal. The Nepalese Maoist Insurgency under Prachanda's leadership, without strong evident external support and without achieving a military victory over the state, rose to power in a very short time. Prachanda chose an outdated ideology and launched armed struggle to put forward his grievances in spite of the country having restored democracy after thirty years of autocratic regime. The evidence shows that it was Prachanda's leadership qualities that facilitated the Maoists' growth in Nepal. They gained political success without military victory and eventually won an electoral victory in the Constituent Assembly. The main reasons for his success in this endeavor, which the findings show, are: 1) correct selection of the members in the party's top leadership positions; 2) thorough planning and timely implementation of a precise strategy; 3) the flexibility to switch his strategy from classic communist ideology of class struggle to identity issues, to form many ethnic fronts, to establish autonomous ethnic regions, and to raise caste and ethnic issues to mobilize the indigenous nationalities; and 4) timely switching to political settlements, in the presentworld context, after realizing military victory was unlikely.
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Op-Ed The Causes and Consequences of Iran's June 2005 Presidential Election; Strategic Insights: v.4, issue 8 (August 2005) Gasiorowski, Mark (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2005-08);Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, a hardline conservative Islamist, scored a stunning victory in the second round of Iran's June 2005 presidential election. Many observers have described Ahmadinejads victory as a key turning point for ...
Hartigan, Jake. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2009-12);This thesis builds on the research and ideas of the school of thought that believes strategy is the most important factor in predicting war outcomes. One shortcoming of that school is the inability to explain why strong ...
Turk, Jacob H. (Monterey, CA; Naval Postgraduate School, 2020-03);This thesis analyzes the capabilities of a defense system, the M777A2 Lightweight Towed 155mm Howitzer, through the lens of survivability in a near-peer adversarial conflict. M777A2 technological upgrades enhanced digital ...