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dc.contributor.advisorNieto-Gómez, Rodrigo
dc.contributor.authorMercado, Frances V.
dc.dateSep-16
dc.date.accessioned2016-11-02T17:18:44Z
dc.date.available2016-11-02T17:18:44Z
dc.date.issued2016-09
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10945/50594
dc.description.abstractThis thesis seeks to answer two related questions regarding corruption and Chávismo. First, what factors contributed to the rise in Venezuela's Corruption Perception Index from 2000–2014? Second, what does Venezuela need to do to reverse that trend? The thesis examines Hugo Chávez's populist policies as well as two leading factors for the rise of corruption—weak governance and oil over-dependence practices—and analyzes the Resource Curse theory and Cháveznomics. Chávez's populist policies created neo-patrimonial networks, increasing the intensity of corrupt practices between specific sectors of citizens and political elites. Cháveznomics policies also created a mismanagement of windfall oil rents, establishing a Rentier State for Venezuela. The Rentier State established corrupt patronage networks with state industries that remained intact under the high oil prices during 2000–2014. The thesis also conducts theoretical analysis of anti-corruption methods while considering Venezuelan societal elements of culture, political will, and international integration. State-center anti-corruption strategies prove to be an appropriate method for Venezuela's societal elements and unique corruption environment. The proposed state-center strategies incorporate a three-prong anti-corruption approach, including political, economic, and social accountability reforms with market-friendly social democratic policies that build political will and civic engagement.en_US
dc.description.urihttp://archive.org/details/venezuelascorrup1094550594
dc.publisherMonterey, California: Naval Postgraduate Schoolen_US
dc.rightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.en_US
dc.titleVenezuela's corruption on the rise: fourteen years of Chávismoen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.secondreaderLooney, Robert J.
dc.contributor.departmentNational Security Affairs
dc.subject.authorVenezuelaen_US
dc.subject.authorMexicoen_US
dc.subject.authorBrazilen_US
dc.subject.authorHugo Chávezen_US
dc.subject.authorcorruptionen_US
dc.subject.authorResource Curseen_US
dc.subject.authoroilen_US
dc.subject.authorpopulismen_US
dc.subject.authoranti-corruptionen_US
dc.subject.authorstate center anti-corruptionen_US
dc.description.serviceCaptain, United States Air Forceen_US
etd.thesisdegree.nameMaster of Arts in Security Studies (Western Hemisphere)en_US
etd.thesisdegree.levelMastersen_US
etd.thesisdegree.disciplineSecurity Studies (Western Hemisphere)en_US
etd.thesisdegree.grantorNaval Postgraduate Schoolen_US
dc.description.distributionstatementApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.


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