FPGA implementation of robust symmetrical number system in high-speed folding analog-to-digital converters
Lim, Han Wei
Pace, Phillip E.
Jenn, David C.
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Analog-To-Digital Converters (ADCs) are integral building blocks of most sensor and communication systems today. As the need for ADCs with faster conversion speeds and lower power dissipation increases, there is a growing motivation to reduce the number of power-consuming components by employing folding circuits to fold the input analog signal symmetrically prior to quantization by high-speed comparators. These properties of low-power consumption, compactness, high-resolution and fast conversion speeds make folding ADCs an attractive concept to be used for defense applications, such as unmanned systems, direction-finding antenna architectures and system-on-a-chip applications. In this thesis, a prototype of an optical folding ADC was implemented using the Robust Symmetrical Number System (RSNS). The architecture employs a three-modulus (Moduli 7, 8, 9) scheme to preprocess the antenna signal. This thesis focuses on the simulation and hardware implementation of this ADC architecture, including the bank of comparators and the RSNS-to-Binary Conversion within a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA), to achieve an eight-bit dynamic range of 133. This is then integrated with the front-end photonics implementation (designed under a separate thesis). Low frequency analyses of the results using a 1-kHz input signal indicate a 5.39 Effective Number of Bits (ENOB), a Signal-to-Noise Ratio plus Distortion (SINAD) of 34.21 dB, and a Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) of -61.68 dB.
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